Michiganders need a new economic agenda
Our new report, A Path to Good-paying Careers for all Michiganders, recommends big changes in state economic policy. The need for such an agenda is clear.
In the seventh year of a national economic expansion––and an even stronger rebound from near bankruptcy of the domestic auto industry––too many Michigan households are struggling. Michigan’s substantial economic challenges are clearly structural.
In good times and bad far too many Michigan households are experiencing declining or stagnant incomes. Over the last decade and a half––no matter who was in control in Lansing and Washington––Michigan has moved from being a high-prosperity to a low-prosperity state.
Change in real median Household Income by county, 1999-2014
As the map from the Harvard Business School depicts every county in Michigan has suffered a major decline in median household income over the past fifteen years. In terms of per capita income––the best measure of economic well being––Michigan has gone from two percent below the national average in 2000––the last time the domestic auto industry was booming––to eleven percent below in 2015.
Most concerning, the Michigan Association of United Ways found that 40 percent of Michigan households do not have sufficient income to pay for the necessities: primarily housing, childcare, food, health care and transportation. Their report makes clear that this is an all Michigan problem: in every county, among all races and all ages.
- Not enough of us work: Michigan is 40th in the proportion of adults who work. 400,000 fewer Michiganders working today than in 2000.
- Not enough of us work in good-paying jobs: 16 percent below the national average in wages and benefits per capita. In 2000 Michigan was one percent below.
- Too low education attainment. 32nd in the proportion of adults with a four-year degree or more. And even lower in all the rankings of K-12 student outcomes
More broadly our challenges in Michigan are similar to those Robert Putnam documented in his book, Our Kids: that the top quarter of American households are doing well and the other three quarters are struggling to keep up, many falling farther and farther behind. On measure after measure of economic and social well-being of households and their children Putnam presents charts that look like open scissors with those in the top quartile advancing and those in the bottom three quarters declining.
Once again this pattern is true irrespective of race. Racial discrimination is an ongoing reality in employment, education, housing and the criminal justice system; but class is now the main dividing line in the American economy and increasingly class is defined by college attainment.
The preeminent challenge of our times is figuring out how to reverse what is being called the Great Decoupling. Where even when the economy is growing––as it has been in Michigan since the end of the Great Recession––only those at the top are benefiting from that growth. The policy priority needs to be reestablishing an economy where as the economy grows all Michigan households enjoy rising incomes.
This Post Has 2 Comments
Mr. Glazer, first off let me start by saying thank you for your passionate pursuit to enlighten us all in this once glorious standard of American principals I call home of a state Michigan. I do not pretend to be the most intelligent person on Earth and actually try to approach most problems with simple solutions no matter the complexity of the issue. So to find a place where my interests are so easily combined in such a way that I know you are an authority on the subject who has done the work through research of the topic yet doesn’t talk down to “me” is a blessing and relife. All brown-nosing aside sir, Michigan the once leader in innovation, education, quality of living, and lastly economic standards, should through thinkers like you rise to the challenge that is in my opinion less complex on paper at least than we admit. Economic well-being should be based on an educational and satisfaction of the people within the economy not the dollar of out put. Which all boils down in my long winded post to getting the people engaged in the economy. If we had platforms that made obtaining an education, that industry leaders viewed relevant to current and future markets, easy as logging into Amazon and shopping or playing the latest virtual reality game while being cost effective, Michigan would produce Henry Ford’s and Thomas Edison’s and Larry Page’s yearly. Because Michigan is as ripe with talent as our orchards are with fruit we just need farmers!
Thank you for your time,
Thanks for the kind words and thoughtful comment. No question Michiganders are talented. And we agree that education that prepares one for work in current and future markets is the right priority. But making it as easy as logging on to Amazon and shopping or playing the latest virtual reality game is not in our opinion possible. The skills one will need to successfully put together a success forty year career in an era of ever advancing machine learning requires what is being called deep learning. At its core it is the ability and agility to keep learning new things constantly. Take a look at the education the affluent are providing their kids from birth through college. Its not cheap, its not primarily online and it most certainly is not quick. They are doing that because they are good parents. And they know that the skills one will need for a successful forty year career are not narrow content or occupation specific, but broad rigorous skills that prepare one for a world of constant change.