What skilled trades jobs actually pay


As readers of this blog know I have been skeptical of the claims about lots of high paying skilled trades jobs going unfilled. And critical of the push by far too many elites to convince other people’s kids (not theirs) that they should forgo four year degrees unless they are going into a STEM field. But rather should learn a trade by getting an occupational certificate or associates degree.

I am skeptical both that there are shortages––which if you believe in free markets would require wages to be going up––and the claims about the number of jobs and pay in the traditional blue collar trades.

Welders have become Exhibit A for the kind of skilled trades occupation that today’s kids should be going into rather than non STEM professions. You know all the claims of six figure jobs in welding that can’t be filled. Turns out the average pay is far less than six figures. There are two occupations of welders, employing 15,700 combined, both averaging $18 an hour and around $37,000 annually. Below the $45,100 average annual wage for all jobs in Michigan.

Julie Mack of MLive has created a terrific searchable database of the average wage and how many people in Michigan work in 760 occupations as of May 2014. The data comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.  Exploring the database is highly recommended.

What follows are the list of occupations (non supervisors) in the four main blue collar sectors––construction, extraction and mining; factory and other production; installation, maintenance and repair; and transportation and material moving––that employed at least 1,000 (out of four million employed Michiganders) and have an average annual wage of more than the statewide average of $45,100.

Construction, Extraction and Mining

  • Brickmasons/blockmasons: $54,930
  • Electricians: $59,520
  • Plumbers/pipefitters/steamfitters: $56,010
  • Structural iron and steel workers: $47,360

Factory and Other Production

  • Chemical plant and system operators: $52,460
  • Chemical operators and tenders: $46,220
  • CNC tool programmers (not CNC machine operators): $48,480
  • Engine and other machine assemblers: $47,500
  • Model makers, metal and plastic: $59,150
  • Painters, transportation equipment: $50,860
  • Power plant operators: $66,950
  • Tool and die makers: $51,860

Installation, Maintenance and Repair

  • Aircraft mechanics and technicians: $52,790
  • Automotive body repairers: $48,370
  • Control and valve installers and repairers: $59,760
  • Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial: $54,470
  • Electrical power-line installers and repairers: $68,380
  • Heating, air conditioning, refrigeration installers and repairers: $46,270
  • Industrial machinery mechanics: $49,190
  • Millwrights: $61,160
  • Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers: $50,280

Transportation and Material Moving

  • Commercial pilots: $75,500

That is it. No carpenters, truck drivers, welders and automotive service technicians. And all the other hundreds of so called high paid/high demand blue collar skilled trades. If the list was for occupations that pay at least the statewide average and employ at least 5,000 the above number of occupations would decline from 22 to 7.

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Lou Glazer

Lou Glazer is President and co-founder of Michigan Future, Inc., a non-partisan, non-profit organization. Michigan Future’s mission is to be a source of new ideas on how Michigan can succeed as a world class community in a knowledge-driven economy. Its work is funded by Michigan foundations.

This Post Has 5 Comments

  1. It is good for young people in the process of finding a career to be aware of the average wage in various careers. However, the wage should not be the only consideration. Students should also look for a career that they enjoy and that they are likely to do well at. They also need to determine if a career is a reasonable choice. A lot of people do not have the ability or desire to pursue a four year degree. If a person enjoys some kind of skilled trade work, and if he/she is good at that work, they may want to consider it as a career option, even if they earn less than they could with a four year degree. They do need to pick a career that is reasonable. A professional athlete or ski instructor is probably not an option for most.

    1. Agreed. The problem is with the skilled trades that too many elites are putting out pay information that is not representative of what people make in an occupation. And ignore that many of these occupation are employing fewer, particularly in manufacturing.

      1. Another thing young people going into skilled trades need to know is that skilled trades in this new economy often require a higher level of skill than they did a generation ago. A young person may be planning on a skilled similar to what his/her parents did, but they will usually need to need a lot more mat training and computer skills than the parents in the same trade needed.

  2. Pretty much all these wages are cut short. Working in hvac, I make much more than 50 a year. I get that it’s an average but I make more like 80 with very little overtime. Just saying

    1. I updated this post recently which has more up to date data. But it isn’t much changed. Which is one of the problems. Wages aren’t going up. I bet you didn’t earn $80,000 a year every year. These jobs tend to be quite cyclical. So workers earn a lot less in downturns, if not get laid off, than in expansions. The data comes from employers reports to the federal government, so it is quite likely to be reasonably accurate. It is a calculation of full time pay (multiplying average wage by 2040 hours). So if workers at the 50th percentile (half make more, half make less) work overtime or get a bonus that is not included. But the data doesn’t seem to indicate that the mid point worker in most of these occupations are paid for a lot of overtime hours.

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